11 April. Witch, Act 5 & Country Wife, Act 1
Papers are due next Thursday, April 20 by 5:00.
You will all give your presentations on that date as well. I brought the presentation requirements inline with the final paper.
The Witch of Edmonton, Act 5
- 1. Why doesn’t the Devil-Dog come when Elizabeth Sawyer calls him at the start of 5.1? How has changed when he finally does appear?
- 2. Why does the Devil-Dog treat Cuddy Banks differently than he treats Sawyer?
- 3. According to the Dog, why can devils “bestow [themselves] in such small bodies” (5.1.121)?
- 4. Why does Cuddy pity the Dog and what sort of alternative lives does he imagine the Dog could lead instead?
- 5. What crimes is Sawyer charged with and is she responsible for them?
- 6. Why do Winfred, Old Thorny, and Old Cater forgive Frank at the end? Do you believe that Frank repents his choices as he claims when he says to Winfred and his father:
Thou much wronged woman, I must sigh for thee
As he that’s only loath to leave the world
For that he leaves thee in it unprovided,
Unfriended; and for me to beg a pity
From any man to thee when I am gone
I is more than I can hope; nor, to say truth,
Have I deserved it. But there is a payment
Belongs to goodness from the great exchequer
Above; it will not fail thee, Winifred
Be that thy comfort.
- 7. What purpose does the Devil serve in culture OR does The Witch of Edmonton have a moral purpose?
English Civil War (1642-51), Interregnum (1653-1660), & the Restoration of the Monarchy (1660-1678)
James I and IV dies in 1625
Charles I succeeds his dad the same year
Then, in 1649 Charles I is executed in the Banqueting house his father commissioned Inigo Jones to build, and where both James I and Charles watched plays.
Oliver Cromwell, the Protectorate of the realm and head of the New Model Army rules the “commonwealth” of England, Ireland, and Scotland as a Republic from 1653-59
Then, in 1660, King Charles II, Charles I son, returns from exile in France and restores the monarchy to England ushering in a 20 year period of cultural production, of which William Wycherly’s The Country Wife is a famous example.
So what.. what effect did the Civil War, execution of Charles I, Protectorate, and Restoration of the monarch have on the theater?
- 1. Theaters are closed from 1642 till 1660 because Puritan government thought the plays were licentious and immoral. Also, plague.
- 2. Plays were not played publicly, but were played in private houses and roadside inns, and maybe at the colleges. Also, as The Witch of Edmonton demonstrates, the plays were published during the Republic.
- 3. While dour, the Republic period was kind-of good for (some) women, so when the theaters were reopened in 1660, women played women on stage for the first time. Also, Aphra Behn wrote and staged plays during the Restoration.
- Two playhouses Drurey Lane and Dorset Gardens
The Country Wife, Act 1
- 1. Why does Horner want to be “undone with women” (1.16) and how does he accomplish this goal? What story do Horner and Quack make up to support the claim that Horner is impotent?
- 2. How do the character’s names describe their personalities?
- 3. Why does Sir Jasper and Lady Fidget visit Horner? Why does Sir Jasper say “sir” so much?
- 4. How do Horner’s friends, Harcourt and Dorilant, try to cheer him up? Are they successful?
- 5. Why does Pinchwife marry a woman from the country?