Determining the most extinct animal in the world is a difficult task, as many species have gone extinct throughout history and new discoveries are still being made. However, there are a few animals that are widely recognized as being among the most extinct species on Earth.
One of the most famous extinct animals is the dodo bird. The dodo was a flightless bird that lived on the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It was first discovered by European sailors in the late 16th century and was hunted to extinction by the mid-17th century. The dodo is often cited as an example of human-induced extinction, as it was driven to extinction by overhunting and the introduction of non-native species to its habitat.
Another well-known extinct animal is the passenger pigeon. The passenger pigeon was once one of the most abundant bird species in North America, with flocks numbering in the billions. However, overhunting and habitat destruction led to a rapid decline in the species’ population, and the last known passenger pigeon died in captivity in 1914.
The Tasmanian tiger, also known as the thylacine, is another extinct animal that is widely recognized. The Tasmanian tiger was a carnivorous marsupial that was native to Australia and Tasmania. It was hunted to extinction by European settlers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the last known individual died in captivity in 1936.
The woolly mammoth is perhaps one of the most iconic extinct animals from the prehistoric era. The woolly mammoth was a large, hairy elephant that lived during the last ice age. It went extinct around 4,000 years ago, likely due to a combination of climate change and hunting by early humans.
Other notable extinct animals include the saber-toothed tiger, the Irish elk, the great auk, and the Steller’s sea cow. Each of these species went extinct for a variety of reasons, including overhunting, habitat destruction, and climate change.
It is important to note that many species are currently at risk of extinction, with habitat loss, climate change, and human activities threatening their survival. Conservation efforts are underway around the world to protect endangered species and prevent further extinctions, but much work remains to be done.
In conclusion, determining the most extinct animal in the world is a difficult task, as many species have gone extinct throughout history. However, there are several well-known extinct animals that are widely recognized, including the dodo bird, the passenger pigeon, the Tasmanian tiger, and the woolly mammoth. It is important to remember these species and to work to protect endangered species from extinction.